Opening Doors: Gender Equality And Development In The Middle East And North Africa

  • Date Published 16/05/2019
Opening Doors: Gender Equality And Development In The Middle East And North Africa
Opening Doors: Gender Equality And Development In The Middle East And North Africa

Since the early 1990s, countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region have made admirable progress in reducing the gap between girls and boys in areas such as access to education and health care. Indeed, almost all young girls in the Region attend school, and more women than men are enrolled in university. Over the past two decades, maternal mortality declined 60 percent, the largest decrease in the world. Women in MENA are more educated than ever before. It is not only in the protest squares that have seen women whose aspirations are changing rapidly but increasingly unmet. The worldwide average for the participation of women in the workforce is approximately 50 percent. In MENA, their participation is half that at 25 percent. Facing popular pressure to be more open and inclusive, some governments in the region are considering and implementing electoral and constitutional reforms to deepen democracy. These reforms present an opportunity to enhance economic, social, and political inclusion for all, including women, who make up half the population. However, the outlook remains uncertain. Finally, there are limited private sector and entrepreneurial prospects not only for jobs but also for those women who aspire to create and run a business. These constraints present multiple challenges for reform. Each country in MENA will, of course, confront these constraints in different contexts. However, inherent in many of these challenges are rich opportunities as reforms unleash new economic actors. For the private sector, the challenge is to create more jobs for young women and men. The World Bank has been pursuing an exciting pilot program in Jordan to assist young women graduates in preparing to face the work environment.

Show More

Book Chapters

  • Preliminary PagesPreliminary Pages
  • Chapter 1Gender Equality In Mena: The Facts And The Puzzle
  • Chapter 2Traditional Gender Norms And The Legal Framework Limit Women’s Agency
  • Chapter 3 Economic Incentives Dampen Participation In The Workforce
  • Chapter 4Time For Reform Is Now
  • Chapter 5Appendices

Opening Doors: Gender Equality And Development In The Middle East And North Africa

Get Latest Lawscope Library Update

Subscribe Our Newsletter

Stay in the loop with our latest additions and updates! By subscribing to our newsletter, you'll receive timely notifications whenever we enrich our library with new books or articles. Plus, you'll get firsthand news from our blog.
So why wait? Subscribe now, and become part of our ever-expanding literary community!